2019 Domaine Jessiaume Beaune 1er Cru Les Cent Vignes

93
DEC
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Wine Critic Reviews for 2019 Domaine Jessiaume Beaune 1er Cru Les Cent Vignes

The domaine owns just over 1ha in Beaune Premier Cru Cent Vignes, with a mid-slope position. The fruit is destemmed and fermented on native yeasts, prior to ageing in cask (25% new). Despite the heat of the year, the wine has retained a pleasant freshness and there is impressive depth to the grippy mulberry fruit on the palate.
Drinking Window 2021 - 2029.

Decanter | 93 DEC

Wine Details on 2019 Domaine Jessiaume Beaune 1er Cru Les Cent Vignes

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Producer Domaine Jessiaume: In the most southerly wine-producing commune of the Cote de Beaune, Santenay, resides Domaine Jessiaume; a jewel in the Cote d’Or.  In the past few years, the domaine, and its negociant operation have become exceedingly popular on the world market.  The 150 year old domaine has built a steady reputation of producing high quality wines which reflect the region’s grand terroir.  Over the course of the last few decades, the domaine has witnessed changes in ownership, winemaking teams and a new philosophical approach to winemaking, yet it continues its tradition of producing high-quality wines in one of the most respected regions in the world. 

The domaine was created in 1850 and was controlled by the Jessiaume family until 2006 when the property was purchased by the Scottish businessman, Sir David Murray.  He brought with him, an infusion of resources and great passion to the property; working closely with local, experienced winemakers and viticultural consultants to craft boutique, ‘terroir specific’ wines, with elegance and finesse with well integrated tannins.  After generations of Jessiaume making the wines, a new team arrived at the domaine, changing its direction on methods and its approach to winemaking.  The Jessiaume philosophy centers on great respect for the environment, sustainable practices and controlling yields. 

The year 2020 marked a big turn for Domaine Jessiaume, as the property was acquired by Dr. Jean-Francois Bigot.  This Burgundy lover wished to impulse the qualitative directory of the Domaine, which remains highly focused on the quality.  The vines and the wines are now organic and new investments in the winery have been made.  In addition to converting to organic viticulture, the domaine uses gentle methods to achieve high levels of quality.  During winemaking, to avoid chaptalization (the addition of sugar during fermentation in order to boost the wine’s final alcohol content) when the vintage allows and fermentation with natural yeasts from the grapes is performed.  There is as little intervention as possible during elevage, a gravity flow system has been implemented with natural clarification and low doses of sulphites is preferred.  A new system to manage the temperature of the wines was installed and a strict selection of barrels from the best barrel makers has been employed.

The exceptional terroir upon which the domaine lies, on the upper slopes of the Montagne de Beaune at heights of 300 to 370 meters is comprised of Oolitic and Rauracian (from the Jurassic era) limestone and calcium-rich soils.  These soils are perfectly attuned to the noble grapes of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, to which Domaine Jessiaume cultivates with care and respect. The special value of these vineyards is attested by the fact that one of the Climats belonging to this appellation, located on Mont Battois, is a dedicated part of Bourgogne’s vine-science research program. 

With extreme devotion to the land, the environment and the precious terror for which the illustrious region of Burgundy provides, Domaine Jessiaume cultivates hand-picked grapes and hand crafts wines that reflect the beautiful and unique terroir. Impossible to miss, the small jewel of Domaine Jessiaume sits welcomingly at the entrance to the tiny town of Santenay. It comprises 15 hectares, with a large plot in Santenay, including Premier Cru Les Gravieres (both Pinot Noir and Chardonnay bottlings) important holdings in the Premier Crus Auxey Duresses Les Ecusseaux and Volnay Les Brouillards vineyards, and a terrific section of the Premier Cru Cent Vignes vineyard, just behind the city of Beaune. The domaine is in fact, the largest landowner in Santenay. Domaine Jessiaume established their negociant business, Maison Jessiaume in 2008 and a formidable reputation as a small negociant elevur of unparalleled quality has been formed to complement the existing Domaine holdings.
Region Burgundy: Situated just west of the beautiful river Saone, the hills and valleys of Burgundy stand as they have stood since medieval times, and you can almost hear the cheerful chatter of vineyard workers from miles away. Indeed, France's identity in the world of wine would be incomplete without the inclusion of Burgundy and its many viticultural achievements. Every little sub-region of the area boasts a unique soil composition, which, when combined with the area's climate conditions, creates an incredibly diverse and appealing selection of fine wines.

Every new bottle is an adventure of its own, and a snapshot of its birthplace. You could spend years sampling great Burgundian wines, and you would still have a lot to learn, which is what makes the region so compelling for veterans and novice wine lovers alike. No matter what your taste in wines may be, there is a winery in Burgundy that could mesmerize your mind and make your senses scream with joy. And what better way to spend a comfy summer afternoon with your friends and family than with a classy bottle from some of the region's most reputable wineries? From the noble slopes of Cote d'Or to the flatlands near various settlements, let us help you on your journey as we explore Burgundy's most delicious and renowned wines.
Subregion Cote de Beaune
Appellation Beaune
Climat/Vineyard Les Cent Vignes
Cru Premier Cru
Country France: Wine is the lifeblood that courses through the country of France, pulsing with vigorous pride and determination. Viticulture is not just a hobby or an occupation in France; it is a passion, a cherished tradition that has been passed down through generations of wine stained hands. Winemaking is a beloved art that has been ingrained in the culture, an aptitude instilled in sons by fathers and the hallmark for which France’s reputation was built, allowing it to be renowned as, arguably, the most important wine producing country in the world.



For centuries, France has been producing wines of superior quality and in much greater quantity than any other country in the world. It boasts some of the most impressive wine regions, coveted vineyards and prestigious wines on earth. The regions of Bordeaux, Burgundy, Rhone, Sauternes and Champagne have become the benchmark, for which others aspire to become. Legendary producers such as Chateaux Margaux, Domaine De La Romanee Conti, Chapoutier, d’Yquem and Dom Perignon are idolized world-wide.



France has stamped its name on nearly every style of wine, from the nectar-like sweet Sauternes to hedonistic Chateauneuf Du Papes classic Bordeaux and Burgundy, to its sparkling dominance in Champagne. Many of the most infamous grape varietals in the world, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay originated in France and are not only beloved, but utilized in the creation of some of the greatest wines on earth. French wine production commands the attention of the wine market year after year. With over 860,000 hectares under vine, and numbers close to 50 million hectoliters of wine produced annually, France dominates the market and sets the standard for not only product quality, but also quantity.



France’s many contributions to the world of wine have been absolutely indispensable. The country is the originator of the term “Premier Cru,” coined the term Terroir (a French term so complex there is no literal translation) and has laid the blueprint for a structured appellation system, which others have implemented in their own countries. French vineyard techniques and winemaking practices are mimicked world-wide. California vintners have been replicating Rhone style wines for decades, South America has adopted the French varietal of Malbec and countries around the world are imitating Burgundian styled Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.



With vast diversity in terroir, France is home to some of the most hospitable winegrowing locations on earth. The combination of topography, geology, climate, rainfall and even the amount of sunlight combined with the long historical tradition of winegrowing and making, has allowed the vintners of France to not only hone their skills, but learn from nature to create a product that like the world in which it resides… is very much alive.

Type of Wine Burgundy Red: If you have a craving for some beautiful, mind-expanding Pinot Noir, few regions can match the talent and consistency of Burgundy. The grape almost seems like it evolved for this very region, and its essence will stimulate your senses and arouse your imagination. Drink deep and experience almost spiritual enlightenment.
Varietal Pinot Noir: As one of the oldest grape varieties in the world, Pinot Noir has a long and storied history which began more than 2,000 years ago. This story spans form the time of ancient Roman influence to modern day trailblazing; Old World and New World grape growing. It also involves the most unlikely of “characters” from Cistercian Monks to the Holy Pope and even Hollywood actors; each playing a part in the development of the Noble Pinot Noir grape variety. For a grape that appears simple on the surface, it may be one of the most complex varietals on earth, playing a major role in the formation of some of the most profound and distinguished winegrowing regions in the world.

Pinot Noir’s exact origin remains relatively unknown as it is far too ancient to have been recorded precisely. It is thought to have been cultivated in the rocky hillsides of Burgundy by Roman hands as early as the 1st Century AD. At that time, Roman agronomist Columella identified and tasted wine that very much seems to be consistent with today’s description of Pinot Noir. There are complex theories on how either the Greeks or Romans took cuttings of Vitis Vinefera (Pinot Noir) from the area of Transcaucasia (modern day Turkey, Iraq and Iran) and brought the wild vines to France. Speculation aside, what we do know is that the wine-loving ancient Romans spread their dominion far and wide, leaving grapevines in their wake. Their innovative devotion to cultivating wine in French soil set in motion, nurtured, and influenced the winegrowing culture that we very much enjoy today.

Around 1000 AD, long after the dismantling of the Roman Empire, the history of Pinot Noir in Burgundy begins to have clarity, greatly due to the extraordinary record keeping of the Cistercian Order of Monks (formed from the Benedictine Order). The Cistercian Monks began gaining authority outside the area of what we know today as Dijon. Devoted to hard labor and prayer, the monks began cultivating the rocky hillsides of early Burgundy, painstakingly documenting detailed records of their vineyards. Centuries of specifying their practices, describing exactly how and exactly where vines thrived or failed and how the resulting wine tasted, the Cistercian Monks unwittingly created the world’s first harvest reports while simultaneously inventing the idea of terroir. These records and the notion that wines reflect their growing locales, permanently shaped the fundamentals of winegrowing and making terroir a critical concept.

This concept really gained attention when Pope Urban V refused to return the Papal court to Rome from Avignon due to unavailability of Burgundy wines south of the Alps. The lack of commerce routes inhibiting the Burgundy wine trade did not affect the Cistercian Order of Monks as they were driven towards higher quality and excellence through religious devotion instead of monetary gain. Both the outward remarks of the Pope and diligent efforts by the monks helped place Burgundy in a class of its own.

Pinot Noir would eventually spread its wings and infiltrate Champagne, Loire and Alsace, Provence, Sancerre and Languedoc, finding hospitable terroir and new purposes along the way. From bubbles to “pink” wine, it adapted to the soil, revealing the terroir through the wine itself. The early developments and manipulation of the Pinot Noir grape within France was a precursor for the inevitable. The varietal spread through Europe and eventually making a trip around the globe landing in the Willamette Valley, Oregon (planted in 1965 by David Lett).

The Pinot Noir grape quickly found a niche in Willamette Valley where it shares the same latitude of 45 degrees north, experiencing similar sunlight as well as a similar cooler climate to that of Burgundy. A few years later it would be introduced to California where it found terroir hotspots in both cool and surprisingly hotter climates, thus spreading to Napa, Sonoma Coast, Russian River Valley, Carneros among others, birthing New World Pinot Noir winemaking. And, of course, there was the Pinot craze that occurred after the release of the movie Sideways which manifested “Pinot snobs” around America. The 2004 American comedy set the market on fire, increasing sales of Pinot Noir in the state of California by 170 percent.

The varietal of Pinot Noir thrives in cool climates with terroir consisting of marl and limestone soils of extremely variable composition that mimics that of its ancestral home of Burgundy. For a grape that is notoriously difficult to grow, Pinot Noir is ubiquitous in winegrowing regions around the world, spanning 115,000 hectares. It may be a fussy grape, but when planted in the right location and climate, it reveals the qualities of its host terroir in many different manners.

The Noble Pinot Noir grape has greatly impacted the world of winegrowing and making while birthing the concept of terroir; from fruit forward Pinots produced in warmer California localities to New World Oregon wines with Burgundian nuances to Rose in Provence, bubbly in Champagne to the infamous Domaine de la Romanee Conti and its eye watering prices and unrivaled quality. Pinot Noir has long lived the quiet, elegant lifestyle giving Old World winemakers and consumers an ethereal pleasure. New World winemaking has granted it the opportunity for worldwide consumption on any budget and creating the Pinot Phenom. The varietal is now enjoying the best of both “worlds.”

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